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Allahuakbar Alhamdulillah Subhanallah Astaghfirullah

Ar Risala by Imam As Syafie

Subjek code : RKA0433
Maudhuk : AL-RISALA (Treating on Jurisprudence)

DEFINITION RISALA 📇
-an epistle (letter) or communication in writing made to absent person
- known as 'Al-Risala' because it was sent to ABD RAHMAN al MAHDI in a form of epistle. From this informal name, it became its Formal Title

THE OLD RISALA (In Iraq) 🚂
-he set forth the systematic study of Quran,the Sunnah,Ijma' and Qiyas
-he supported opinion of Madinah Jurists in his acceptance Prophet's companion authority as they are closely related to the Prophet and understood the meaning of Sunnah
-he also accepted the ijma' of successors

THE NEW RISALA (In Egypt) 🚅
-deals with the whole subject of the sources
-it demonstrates Imam Shafie's expert in Arabic as it can be seen in his words usage for new terminology and legal concepts.
-he begins his writing on the discussion of general and topics in jurisprudence
-then,supported with detailed examples and then the authoritative sources of law
-then he looked at Sunnah,Ijma',Qiyas and conclude it with the remaining sources of law like Istihsan

ORDER OF AL RISALA 📬
-the New Risala was rewritten in better way than the old one.
-According to Imam Bayhaqi, the Risala was rewritten in Egypt and the old and new addition were two Different Books
-Ibn Hanbal said "the book Shafie wrote in Iraq were far from perfect,after settling in Egypt they were rewritten and perfected."

SOURCES OF AL RISALA 🍎
1.Quran
2.Sunnah
3.His intense debate with Hanafi jurists in Iraq - principles
4.His teachers - the teaching of his masters which restored in his memory
5.His debates with his colleagues and students.

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