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Social studies, history

Assalamualaikum wbt, everyone. Now I would like to share about social study. Sbb exm week kan. Tak sabarnye nk habis exam. Source: Wassap group. Good luck fil imtihan!

SOCIAL-STUDY , HISTORY 📚

DEFINITION 📒
-Literal : from Greek word _Historia_ means inquiry /research , some Arabic words : tarikh,akhbar,sirah,etc

-Technical :
1.History is a discipline which is imbued with the spirit of inquiry and research and rigorous study in the past
2.ASA BRIGGS - Every aspects of human activities starting from the beginning of the recorded time up to what can be read in today's newspaper
3.EDWARD HALLET CARR - The result of the interaction between the historian and his facts, a perpetual dialogue between the present and the pass.

SUBJECT MATTER OF HISTORY 🔌
-Human beings and their life
-Human activities
-Human experiences in the past to the present days.

HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES 🚦

"Quranic 🕌 vs  Western⛪"

-In Islam, history is neither fiction nor fable but its subject matter is a living reality.
-The Quran has the greatest moral values because it is a Book of Wisdom and Guidance
-In Western, the disciples of the Christ altered the biblical teachings and mixed fact and fiction.

HISTORIOGRAPHY 🏚

-examines the writing of history and the use of historical methods, drawing upon such elements as authorship,sourcing,interpretation,style,bias and audience.

HOW IS HISTORY WRITTEN ? 📝

1.Look for things that survived from the past,wherever they can be found.
2.Make sure that these remnants/relics are genuine artifacts.
3.Give meaning to these remnants of the past by interpreting them.

THE MATERIALS 🐚

-any recorded or unrecorded materials that could assist a historian in their research works.

1.Primary sources (eyewitness /contemporaneous accounts who were observers living during a particular era) 🎍
2.Secondary sources (materials based on primary sources) 📖

THE EVIDENCE 💾
-Oral 📢
-Visual 🗺
-Written 📄
-Archaeological 💀
-Physical 🍯
-Landscape 🛤

HISTORICAL CRITICISM 🔫

"Interpretations of events" 💻
-evaluating the existing historical evidence to determine what had happened and why such events/incidents occured.

"Historians' basic duties" 🖨
-read and collect materials
-verify the materials : authentic or fake
-select and interpret materials
-write down his findings
-publish his works

"Issue of subjectivity and objectivity" 📰
-a historian should be objective and fair in his judgement

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